What is Cannabidiol (CBD) + How it works | Cannabinoid Chemistry – Cerena

EDUCATION

What is CBD and How Can it Help You?

CBD leads to a calm, cool, and collected feeling, while other cannabinoids (we’ll get into those a little bit on this page) turn the volume up and down on different states of being like focus, sleep, relaxation, and pain management.

When people ask “what is CBD” they are also asking what’s in this product and how does it work, exactly? The short answer to your question: CBD stands for cannabidiol, a phytonutrient (more specifically, a cannabinoid) from the cannabis plant that has calming and inflammation-modulating effects on the body and mind.

How CBD works in the body and endocannabinoid system:

Simply put, the body makes endogenous cannabinoids (CB1 and CB2) that, when they bind to certain receptors or hemp cannabinoids, cause a cascade of cellular transactions that eventually leads to a feeling. CBD leads to a calm, cool, and collected feeling, while other cannabinoids (we’ll get into those a little bit on this page) turn the volume up and down on different states of being like focus, sleep, relaxation, and pain management.

Vapor distillation vs. hydrocarbon, ethanol, and CO2 extraction:

CBD can be distilled from the plant in many ways — hydrocarbon extraction, ethanol extraction, carbon dioxide extraction, and a newer method, vapor extraction. All Cerena products utilize USDA certified organic hemp that has been steam distilled, a process that preserves the integrity of the plant and its terpene profile, which is extremely important for a more effective solution. Vapor extraction utilizes flash heat to cleanly and safely extract hemp. The end product is a true full-spectrum oil with an abundance of cannabinoids / terpenes and a process that’s better for you and for the planet.

What is the difference between CBD and hemp oil?

The main difference between CBD and hemp oil, not to be confused with hemp seed oil which is high in omegas 3 and 6 but doesn't contain cannabinoids is that CBD is a single compound of hemp oil whereas a full spectrum (includes less than 0.3% THC) or broad spectrum (the THC has been removed) hemp oil should contain several cannabinoids, terpenes, and other phytonutrients; ultimately improving its effectiveness.


A lot of products on the market are made with isolated CBD (a process that removes all other hemp compounds) and sold as full or broad spectrum hemp oil. Just another reason why it's so important to request and review updated batch reports / certificates of analysis.

I got CBD down. What are these other cannabinoids you keep mentioning?

The hemp plant is home to hundreds of phytocannabinoids. While CBD and THC are the most studied, minor cannabinoids CBC, CBG, and CBN (amongst others) are becoming more prevalent due to their own unique and powerful effects. These plus more are all included in Cerena formulas, as we believe a full-spectrum hemp oil (rather than an isolate) is the best way to receive the plant’s full potential. Below is a deeper dive into some of the growing research that’s available.

Cannabinol (CBN)

CBN is short for cannabinol — it is most commonly found in older hemp plants, as it is a by-product of THC oxygenation and decomposition (don't worry, CBN is non-psychoactive and won't get you "high."). According to Steep Hill, a leading cannabis and hemp testing facility that also frequently advises legislators at a local and national level, CBN is linked to improved REM sleep, pain and inflammation reduction, and for its free-radical fighting antioxidant quality. 


Cerena's NOCTURNO formula has a generous 4:1 ratio of CBN which equates to an effective 5mg of CBN per half dropper serving.

Cannabigerol (CBG)

CBG is short for cannabigerol, and though it is another powerful compound in the cannabinoid family, it’s also the precursor to all other cannabinoids. While CBG has not been studied as extensively as CBD, empirical evidence points to its therapeutic potential to relieve inflammation, neurodegeneration, and acute ailments, just to name a few. 


While further study is needed, scientists have said it may be more potent and have more of an affinity with receptors in our ECS than CBD. In a 2018 in-vitro study, CBG was associated with increased neuroprotection and helped mitigate oxidative stress (stressed out cells). 


Cerena's ALIVIO formula has a generous 2:1 ratio of CBG which equates to an effective 500mg of CBG per bottle.

Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC is an abbreviation for cannabichromene. Its anti-inflammatory effects have been studied in conjunction with THC (the psychoactive compound found in the hemp plant less than 0.3% that elicits a “high”), but, interestingly, on a cellular level, it works in a different way. In one study on mice, CBC has “ameliorated” colitis, showing promise for treatment in irritable bowel diseases. It may be helpful in skincare, fighting acne due to its antibacterial qualities. In breast cancer studies it’s been linked to “anti-proliferative” effects on tumor growth, which essentially means that it prevents tumor growth from continuing.


All of Cerena's hemp formulas are naturally abundant with 1-5% CBC.


These are just some of the studies on CBD and other cannabinoids, but the body of research continues to grow almost daily. We’ll do our best to keep you updated on new and groundbreaking studies. This is all to say that we think plants are nature’s healers, and they can play an important role in helping us all feel better.